Minimize All Windows

Published on April 12, 2008
This article was written back when Visual Studio 6 was new. As such, I cannot guarantee that the content of this article still applies in modern Windows environments.

Minimizing all windows that are currently open is an extremely easy task. And undoing the minimize all operation (restoring all windows to their previous state) is just as easy. Just use the corresponding code snippets below to do it.

// Minimize All Windows
PostMessage(FindWindow("Shell_TrayWnd", NULL), WM_COMMAND,
            MAKELONG(415, 0), 0);

// Undo Minimize All Windows
PostMessage(FindWindow("Shell_TrayWnd", NULL), WM_COMMAND,
            MAKELONG(416, 0), 0);

Since the operating system has the minimize all feature built in, we use that instead of enumerating all of the currently opened windows and sending a minimize message to each one. You’ll note that the first parameter to the PostMessage() method above is a call to the FindWindow() method. We are essentially obtaining a handle to the window indicated by the "Shell_TrayWnd" class name, which happens to be the Windows task bar. We send a WM_COMMAND message to that window, and pass in a value of 415 for the wParam value. I’m not 100% sure where the 415 and 416 values come from, as I found these in an obscure news posting. My guess is that these are the unique ID numbers for the task bar’s minimize all and restore all commands.

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